Texas Instruments Collection Computer

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Summary comments provided by Texas Instruments' staff.


G00110   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.002
 
TI number: G00110
Computer - The first computer designed by TI, 1969, specifically to control machines in real time.

The HAL-9 was a 16 bit "Stored Program" direct address digital computer.

It was designed to be utilized with almost any then available memory, but an Ampex RF-4 was the one used. Fifty computers were built, and most of them were used to operate the first automatic bonders. A few had other applictions, and one was reported to be still in use in the early 1980's in the Lubbock Opto operation.They were superceded by the TI 960.

Some of the technical feautures were:
  • Memory: Ampex RF-4 4k cire, 16 bit word plus 2 parity bits.
  • Language: Machine or assembly.
  • Integrated Circuits: 14 pin DIP TTL (series 74).
  • Add Time: 4.5 microseconds.
A more detailed account of the design of the HAL-9 written by Ed Millis is in the file. This machine was rescued from the scrap heap by Jim Moreland and presented to Millis on his 25th Anniversary. Millis set it up to play Christmas Carols for a couple of years, and these may still be in the memory.

Summary comment by: Lee Blanton, Mike Bunyard, Ed Millis.

G00416   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.117.01
 
TI number: G00416
Microprocessor, MOS - The TMS9940E is a single chip, 16-bit microcomputer with 2048 bytes of EPROM. It was introduced by TI in 1979 as part of the 9900 family of products. Also introduced at the time was the TMS9940M with 2048 bytes of ROM.

The TMS9940 experienced only limited production and was dropped in the U.S. because of insufficient customer interest. However, sufficient European demand resulted in continuing production of the TMS9940M by TI France. See the TI9900 Family Systems Design and Data Book for a complete description of the TMS9940. Because of the limited symbolization and source, these units were probably early samples intended for evaluation use.

Related material in collection: G00263. Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Leucke.

G00416   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.117.02
 
TI number: G00416
Microprocessor, MOS - The TMS9940E is a single chip, 16-bit microcomputer with 2048 bytes of EPROM. It was introduced by TI in 1979 as part of the 9900 family of products. Also introduced at the time was the TMS9940M with 2048 bytes of ROM.

The TMS9940 experienced only limited production and was dropped in the U.S. because of insufficient customer interest. However, sufficient European demand resulted in continuing production of the TMS9940M by TI France. See the TI9900 Family Systems Design and Data Book for a complete description of the TMS9940. Because of the limited symbolization and source, these units were probably early samples intended for evaluation use.

Related material in collection: G00263. Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Leucke.

G00416   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.117.03
 
TI number: G00416
Microprocessor, MOS - The TMS9940E is a single chip, 16-bit microcomputer with 2048 bytes of EPROM. It was introduced by TI in 1979 as part of the 9900 family of products. Also introduced at the time was the TMS9940M with 2048 bytes of ROM.

The TMS9940 experienced only limited production and was dropped in the U.S. because of insufficient customer interest. However, sufficient European demand resulted in continuing production of the TMS9940M by TI France. See the TI9900 Family Systems Design and Data Book for a complete description of the TMS9940. Because of the limited symbolization and source, these units were probably early samples intended for evaluation use.

Related material in collection: G00263. Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Leucke.

G00416   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.117.04
 
TI number: G00416
Microprocessor, MOS - The TMS9940E is a single chip, 16-bit microcomputer with 2048 bytes of EPROM. It was introduced by TI in 1979 as part of the 9900 family of products. Also introduced at the time was the TMS9940M with 2048 bytes of ROM.

The TMS9940 experienced only limited production and was dropped in the U.S. because of insufficient customer interest. However, sufficient European demand resulted in continuing production of the TMS9940M by TI France. See the TI9900 Family Systems Design and Data Book for a complete description of the TMS9940. Because of the limited symbolization and source, these units were probably early samples intended for evaluation use.

Related material in collection: G00263. Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Leucke.

G00349   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.182.01
 
TI number: G00349
Microprocessor - This device is an early engineering evaluation SBP 9989 assembled in November, 1980. The lid has been removed so that the chip and bond wires can be seen.

See G00348 for additional information on the SBP 9989.

Related material in collection: G00346,7. Summary comment by: Wally Banzhaf, John Hughes, Bill Ray, Wil Shurtleff, Jim Szot.

G00349   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.182.02
 
TI number: G00349
Microprocessor - This device is an early engineering evaluation SBP 9989 assembled in November, 1980. The lid has been removed so that the chip and bond wires can be seen.

See G00348 for additional information on the SBP 9989.

Related material in collection: G00346,7. Summary comment by: Wally Banzhaf, John Hughes, Bill Ray, Wil Shurtleff, Jim Szot.

G00263   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.190
 
TI number: G00263
Microprocessor, MOS - The item is a display sample of the TI TMS9900 microprocessor in the dual inline ceramic package. The TMS9900 was the first high performance single chip 16 bit microprocessor. It was introduced in 1976 and is still in production.

On the sample, the cap has a glass insert so the chip and bonding wires can be seen. The device process is silicon gate MOS (NMOS). The organization and use of the TMS9900 are described in the TI9900 Family Systems Design and Data Book. A number of supporting devices were introduced to proved optimum use of the TMS9900 and are covered in the Data Book.

Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Luecke.

G00262   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.191
 
TI number: G00262
Microprocessor, MOS - Item is a TI production TMS8080A microprocessor in a ceramic dual inline package. The 8080 was a very popular industry standard in the 1970's. This device was built at the end of 1976 (D/C 7652).

The 8080 was originally introduced by Intel.

Summary comment by: Gene McFarland, Charles Phipps.

G00348   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.304.01
 
TI number: G00348
Microprocessor, Silicon Bipolar - The SBP 9989 is a TI second generation bipolar 16-bit microprocessor offering major improvements in performance over its predecessor, SBP 9900A. It was introduced and put into production near the end of 1980.

The SBP 9989 was implemented in TI's Advanced I2L Technology (Integrated Injection Logic). It was designed for military applications, with an operating range of -55 to 125 degrees C, low power consumption and a tolerance of radiation exposure. The chip measures 0.235" x 0.245" (0.057575 sq. in.) and contains 4831 transistors and 218 resistors. The SBP 9989 is also available in the 68 terminal chip carrier package which is approximately 1" x 1" x 1/16".

Related material in collection: G00347,9. Summary comment by: Wally Banzhaf, John Hughes, Wil Shurtleff, Jim Szot.

G00348   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.304.02
 
TI number: G00348
Microprocessor, Silicon Bipolar - The SBP 9989 is a TI second generation bipolar 16-bit microprocessor offering major improvements in performance over its predecessor, SBP 9900A. It was introduced and put into production near the end of 1980.

The SBP 9989 was implemented in TI's Advanced I2L Technology (Integrated Injection Logic). It was designed for military applications, with an operating range of -55 to 125 degrees C, low power consumption and a tolerance of radiation exposure. The chip measures 0.235" x 0.245" (0.057575 sq. in.) and contains 4831 transistors and 218 resistors. The SBP 9989 is also available in the 68 terminal chip carrier package which is approximately 1" x 1" x 1/16".

Related material in collection: G00347,9. Summary comment by: Wally Banzhaf, John Hughes, Wil Shurtleff, Jim Szot.

L00144   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.305
 
TI number: L00144
Photo Available Computer terminal - This model, called TOPS, was developed under an IDEA program in April, 1981, and became the forerunner of the TI Pro-Lite portable computer. The first working prototype was built in July, 1981.

The TOPS was conceived as a support device for the white-collar professional which could help reduce the need for secretarial support. After about three and a half years, it evolved into the TI Pro-Lite computer. The keyboard and circuit board were not functioning parts but were used only for demonstration purposes.

Summary comment by: Mark Fowler, Mike Revesz, Kel Walker.

G00323   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.332
 
TI number: G00323
Photo Available Microprocessor Learning Module - The microprocessor learning module was developed as a design training tool at a time when knowledge of designing and using microprocessors was limited (1976).

Following the introduction of the first microprocessor designs, which were for specific applications, in the early 1970's, more complex designs began to be introduced in the mid 1970's, and a broader range of applications were identified. To spread the design and application knowledge among interested engineers, TI developed the Learning Module and Instruction Manual.

Summary comment by: Jim Huffhines, Jerry Leucke.

G00087   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.339
 
TI number: G00087
Computer Housing - The item is a housing for the first I/C computer. The only complete unit built was delivered to the Air Force Materials Laboratory, Air Force Systems Command. At the present time, its existence or location is unknown.

The computer was built in October, 1961, as part of an Air Force contract. It was a serial binary fixed-point machine with operand word length of 10 bits. It occupied 6.3 cubic inches and used 587 I/C's. An equivalent machine was built using discrete active and passive components. The I/C complement consisted of 392 Flip Flops, Type 2N209 163 Nor Gates, Type 2N216, and 32 Logic Drivers, Type 213. A Separate Manual Control Unit was provided along with an auxiliary paper tape unit for readout. The computer could be programed as a desk calculator to preform addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and square root. For additional information, see the Final Report on Contract AF 33(600)4210-ASD/USAF, Technical Report Nr. AFML-TR-64-386. In recent years, several of the AF Material Lab personnel involved in this program were contracted about the location of the computer. None could provide information leading to its being located. Willis Adcock, Jack Kilby and Al Nemecek are knowledgeable about the search.

Summary comment by: Willis Adcock, Bill Brower, Jack Kilby, Harvey Cragon, Charles Phipps.

C00417   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.357
 
TI number: C00417
Photo Available Receiver, Microprocessor Controlled - The TI 9000 Loran C receiver, announced in August, 1977, was the first low cost receiver designed for small boats and for use by the novice as well as the veteran skipper. This unit, S/N 9A0662 was the 162nd production set.

The TI 9000 was microprocessor computer controlled to rapidly and automatically search, acquire and track available stations to obtain and display up to four time differences. Several configurations and circuit updates of the 9000 were built, including the TI 9900 series which provided voice information for certain programmed functions. A line of airborne receivers, TI 9100, TI 91 and TI 92 were also built, starting with the TI 9100 in early 1982. TI halted production of the Loran receivers in the first quarter of 1986 because of unprofitability. The line had become a mature technology with high assembly costs. Subcontracted assembly in Mexico could not match the Far East competition. For additional information, see the Artifacts Historical Files.

Summary comment by: Ed Beaver, James A. Cook, Jerry Setliff.

G00058   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.399
 
TI number: G00058
Wafer - An early example of the TMS microprocessor for a consumer application (1976).

Slice contains MP0002A algorithm which was designed for a Majic Chief microwave oven. Slice designation indicates it is a revision C, 90% shrink design. Slice was probed and ink marks indicate reject chips. 79 good chips (GEBS) are indicated. The 90% shrink designation indicates that the original design was uniformly reduced by 10% on both the X and Y axes.

Related material in collection: G00059. Summary comment by: Bob Mckenna.

G00059   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.400.01
 
TI number: G00059
Microprocessor - Sample from pilot production lot of TMS1000, Rev. C with MP0002A algorithm.

These units were fabricated in Houston and carry date code 7632, 32nd week of 1976, in the 28 pi pi plastic package. The algorithm is for a Magic Chef microwave oven. The units should be handled only in the plastic foam to prevent electrostatic discharge damage.

Related material in collection: G00058. Summary comment by: Bob McKenna.

G00059   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.400.02
 
TI number: G00059
Microprocessor - Sample from pilot production lot of TMS1000, Rev. C with MP0002A algorithm.

These units were fabricated in Houston and carry date code 7632, 32nd week of 1976, in the 28 pi pi plastic package. The algorithm is for a Magic Chef microwave oven. The units should be handled only in the plastic foam to prevent electrostatic discharge damage.

Related material in collection: G00058. Summary comment by: Bob McKenna.

L00142   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.433
 
TI number: L00142
Photo Available Computer terminal - This prototype was designed by Corporate Engineering Center to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a low cost desk top terminal to access public/private data bases.

The model resulted in a production design by T & P Division of Data Systems.

Related material in collection: L00143. Summary comment by: Don Bynum, Widge Henrion, Bill Kastner, Mike Revesz.

L00143   NMAH Catalog Number 1987.0487.434
 
TI number: L00143
Photo Available Computer terminal - This terminal was introduced in 1981 as a low cost desk top terminal to access public/private databases.

After introduction, this terminal generated more inquires than any previous T & P Division product. Unfortunately, the 40 column screen limited its acceptability i the market place, and the product was subsequently discontinued.

Related material in collection: L00142. Summary comment by: Don Bynum, Widge Henrion, Bill Kastner, Mike Revesz.



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