1987.0487.096.02 Texas Instruments Collection Object

Silicon Grown Junction Transistors - 1954-7
TI number: G00337

This transistor, 2N208, was the original oval welded package type designed and built at TI. The work was performed in 1954-7 as part of the effort on U.S. Army Signal Corps Contract No: DA-36-039-SC-54703.

The contract was for Industrial Preparedness Study on Silicon Transistors, usually referred to as a Manufacturing Methods contract, covering the period October, 1954, to April, 1957. The objective was to design three grown junction silicon transistors for use in military equipment and the procedures and tooling for their fabrication and testing. A welded package was required to replace the original TI solder sealed package. Another major improvement resulting from this work was a process for soldering the silicon bar to the header leads. The contract specification was based on the original TI901-2 transistors and engineering estimates of what was needed and might be achieved. This device, designated Type 22-B, was covered by MIL-T-12679A/22B (Sig C) and was registered as RETMA type 2N208. In late 1954, TI super ceded the 901-2 types with 903-5 types. These were designed into the early circuit applications for production; therefore, the 2N208 was built only for contract requirements. With the welded package, TI introduced and registered types 2N117-9 with the same or slightly tighter parameter limits as the 903-5. Military specifications were issued for the 2N117, 8 & 9, and TI became the first qualified supplier of Mil Spec silicon transistors. The three transistors were checked on 1/3/86. Current gain (beta) was still good, and there appeared to be no serious degradation of breakdown voltage. A copy of the contract final report and the 1/3/86 test results are in the Artifact Historical Files.

Related material in collection: G00008, 9, 47, 338, 9.
Texas Instruments (Charley Earhart, Howard Moss, Harry Owens, Bob Wallace.)

Contact Nance L. Briscoe for further information

National Museum of American History

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